How to build a COVID-19 Stats app using Next.js and COVID-19 API?

Thu Oct 28 2021

8 min read

There are several public APIs out there that you can use to develop small to large-scale applications. You do not have to create a new feature from scratch, you can just find an API of it and use it to implement the feature.

RapidAPI Hub provides you with thousands of these public APIs that you can use in your apps. Many APIs on RapidAPI Hub have free versions available, but you can also buy a premium version if the free version does not satisfy your need.

Today, I am building an application that will show the user coronavirus stats of any country they enter. So without any further ado, let’s jump in.

Stack

We need to choose a stack first to build this application. I have decided to go with the Jamstack.

I am going to use Next.js for the client-side and TailwindCSS for the styling.

If you don’t know about Next.js, it is a JavaScript framework built on top of React and provides features like server-side rendering, static site generation, etc. Tailwind is a CSS framework that provides utility classes to speed up the development process.

Choosing The API

Let’s find an API that we can use to fetch the COVID-19 stats. Go to RapidAPI Hub and create an account if you haven’t already and then search for "covid-19" in the search section.

Loading component...

You will see different search results related to COVID-19 APIs. For this piece, I am using COVID-19 data API.

To use this API, you need to subscribe to it first. You can do this by clicking on Subscribe to Test button.

Once you click the button, you will be redirected to another page where different available subscription packages will be shown. Let’s go with the free one for now.

After all this, you will be redirected back to the original page. Here you will have a key x-rapidapi-key. Save it. It will be used later in the application.

Building The UI

You can create a Next.js boilerplate with TailwindCSS integrated by running the following command in your terminal. So let’s do that.

sh
npx create-next-app -e with-tailwindcss covid-stats-app

This command is going to take a minute to set everything up. After generating the boilerplate, you will see a folder with the name covid-stats-app has been created. Open this folder in your preferred code editor. I am going to use VSCode for the project.

Project Files

When you open the project in your code editor, you will see the following directories and files in the root directory:

  • pages directory: Inside it, you will have files index.js, _app.js, and another directory called - - api. You only need to know about the index.js file that is the main entry point in your project.
  • public directory: This directory contains icons. You place your static files here to load later in the application.
  • node_modules: It’s another directory that contains all the node modules you are using in your application.
  • package.json: This file contains the metadata of your project.
  • package-lock.json: This file is responsible for tracking the exact version of every installed package.
  • postcss.config.js: This file contains PostCSS configurations.
  • tailwind.config.js: It contains TailwindCSS configurations.
  • readme.md: It’s a markdown file for documentation.

Before we move on to writing the code, open this file, and copy all of its content, then paste it inside the tailwind.config.js file in your project. These are some TailwindCSS configurations I have done specifically for this project. I have added some colors that you do not have by default with TailwindCSS and set some screen sizes.

Now let’s start writing the code. I am going to do it in steps so you can follow along.

→ STEP #1

Open the pages/index.js file and remove all the existing code. After this, copy-paste the following code there:

js
export default function Home() {
return (
<div className="flex flex-col items-center relative min-h-screen">
<h2 className="font-raleway font-bold text-6xl text-primary pt-20 pb-6 md:text-3xl">
COVID-19 <span className="text-danger">Stats</span> App
</h2>
<h3 className="text-danger text-2xl font-raleway font-bold uppercase tracking-wide mb-12 md:text-base md:px-4 md:text-center">
Track COVID-19 Spread Across the World
</h3>
</div>
);
}

It will create two headings for you with the text "COVID-19 Stats App" and "Track COVID-19 Spread Across the World". You can change it to anything you prefer.

→ STEP #2

Now let’s create an input field and search button. For this, copy the following code and paste it in pages/index.js:

js
export default function Home() {
return (
<div className="flex flex-col items-center relative min-h-screen">
<h2 className="font-raleway font-bold text-6xl text-primary pt-20 pb-6 md:text-3xl">
COVID-19 <span className="text-danger">Stats</span> App
</h2>
<h3 className="text-danger text-2xl font-raleway font-bold uppercase tracking-wide mb-12 md:text-base md:px-4 md:text-center">
Track COVID-19 Spread Across the World
</h3>
<div className="flex flex-col justify-between w-full md:items-center">
<div className="flex w-full justify-center md:flex-col md:w-5/6 ">
<input
type="text"
className="border-none outline-none w-2/5 bg-primary px-4 py-2 rounded-sm font-raleway md:w-full"
placeholder="Search for any country stats..."
/>
<button className="outline-none border border-danger font-bold font-raleway ml-4 px-12 py-2 rounded-sm bg-danger text-primary transition duration-300 hover:bg-bc hover:text-black md:ml-0 md:mt-4">
Search
</button>
</div>
</div>
</div>
);
}

This code is going to create an input field and button. I have also styled them a little bit using TailwindCSS.

→ STEP #3

Let’s create some states to store the user input and the stats we will receive from the API. For this, copy-paste the following code in pages/index.js.

js
import {useState} from 'react';
export default function Home() {
const [country, setCountry] = useState(null);
const [stats, setStats] = useState(null);
return (
<div className="flex flex-col items-center relative min-h-screen">
<h2 className="font-raleway font-bold text-6xl text-primary pt-20 pb-6 md:text-3xl">
COVID-19 <span className="text-danger">Stats</span> App
</h2>
<h3 className="text-danger text-2xl font-raleway font-bold uppercase tracking-wide mb-12 md:text-base md:px-4 md:text-center">
Track COVID-19 Spread Across the World
</h3>
<div className="flex flex-col justify-between w-full md:items-center">
<div className="flex w-full justify-center md:flex-col md:w-5/6 ">
<input
type="text"
className="border-none outline-none w-2/5 bg-primary px-4 py-2 rounded-sm font-raleway md:w-full"
placeholder="Search for any country stats..."
onChange={e => setCountry(e.target.value)}
/>
<button className="outline-none border border-danger font-bold font-raleway ml-4 px-12 py-2 rounded-sm bg-danger text-primary transition duration-300 hover:bg-bc hover:text-black md:ml-0 md:mt-4">
Search
</button>
</div>
</div>
</div>
);
}

You can see that I have added an onChange event handler to set the state value as soon as the user writes something in the input field.

→ STEP #4

Let’s integrate the API now. For this, first, create a .env.local file and paste the following in it:

sh
NEXT_PUBLIC_RAPIDAPI_KEY=YOUR-RAPIDAPI-KEY

You need to replace YOUR-RAPIDAPI-KEY here with the API key you got when you subscribed to the COVID-19 data API. It is the value of x-rapidapi-key that you saved earlier.

Now download and add axios to your project. For this, run the following command in the terminal:

sh
npm install axios

Now import axios at the top of the pages/index.js.

js
import axios from 'axios';

→ STEP #5

We are going to use the getLatestCountryDataByName endpoint of the COVID-19 data API to get the country-specific COVID-19 stats. I am also going to use the code snippet of (JavaScript) Axios that RapidAPI Hub provides us.

Create a file called stats in the pages/api directory and copy-paste the following code there:

js
import axios from 'axios';
export default async function handler(req, res) {
if (req.method === 'GET') {
const options = {
method: 'GET',
url: 'https://covid-19-data.p.rapidapi.com/country',
params: {name: req.query.country},
headers: {
'x-rapidapi-host': 'covid-19-data.p.rapidapi.com',
'x-rapidapi-key': process.env.NEXT_PUBLIC_RAPIDAPI_KEY
}
};
axios
.request(options)
.then(function (response) {
res.status(200).json(response.data);
})
.catch(function (error) {
console.error(error);
res.status(response.status);
});
} else {
res.status(400);
}
}

Now let’s create a function in the pages/index.js file to request the http://localhost:3000/api/stats for the COVID-19 statistics. You can just copy and replace the following code in pages/index.js file:

js
import axios from 'axios';
import {useState} from 'react';
export default function Home() {
const [country, setCountry] = useState(null);
const [stats, setStats] = useState(null);
/**
*
*
* Fetches COVID-19 Stats of a country
*/
const fetchStats = async () => {
try {
const res = await axios.get(`http://localhost:3000/api/stats`, {
params: {country}
});
const {data} = res;
setStats(data[0]);
} catch (err) {
console.log(err);
}
};
return (
<div className="flex flex-col items-center relative min-h-screen">
<h2 className="font-raleway font-bold text-6xl text-primary pt-20 pb-6 md:text-3xl">
COVID-19 <span className="text-danger">Stats</span> App
</h2>
<h3 className="text-danger text-2xl font-raleway font-bold uppercase tracking-wide mb-12 md:text-base md:px-4 md:text-center">
Track COVID-19 Spread Across the World
</h3>
<div className="flex flex-col justify-between w-full md:items-center">
<div className="flex w-full justify-center md:flex-col md:w-5/6 ">
<input
type="text"
className="border-none outline-none w-2/5 bg-primary px-4 py-2 rounded-sm font-raleway md:w-full"
placeholder="Search for any country stats..."
onChange={e => setCountry(e.target.value)}
/>
<button
className="outline-none border border-danger font-bold font-raleway ml-4 px-12 py-2 rounded-sm bg-danger text-primary transition duration-300 hover:bg-bc hover:text-black md:ml-0 md:mt-4"
onClick={fetchStats}
>
Search
</button>
</div>
{stats && (
<div className="flex justify-center mt-12 h-4/5 md:w-full overflow-scroll">
<table className="text-primary border-danger border w-3/5 md:text-sm md:mx-2">
<thead className="font-raleway uppercase tracking-wide">
<tr>
<th className="border-danger border text-left px-4 py-4">
Country
</th>
<th className="border-danger border text-left px-4 py-4">
Confirmed
</th>
<th className="border-danger border text-left px-4 py-4">
Recovered
</th>
<th className="border-danger border text-left px-4 py-4">
Deaths
</th>
</tr>
</thead>
<tbody>
<tr>
<td className="border-danger border px-4 py-4">
{stats.country}
</td>
<td className="border-danger border px-4 py-4">
{stats.confirmed}
</td>
<td className="border-danger border px-4 py-4">
{stats.recovered}
</td>
<td className="border-danger border px-4 py-4">
{stats.deaths}
</td>
</tr>
</tbody>
</table>
</div>
)}
</div>
</div>
);
}

You can see that I have created a function, fetchStats, for getting the statistics. I am also creating a table to display and conditionally rendering it on the screen to display the statistics as soon as the user receives them.

Wrap Up

This is it. We have successfully built a COVID Stats App using the COVID-19 data API. You can find the code of this web app here. It will look something like this: