API security is the process of protecting APIs from attacks. As APIs are very commonly used, so it is prone to attackers. API vulnerabilities are a common thing that can break down your whole system if not treated. APIs may have vulnerabilities like broken authentication and authorization, improper assets management, lack of rate limiting, etc. Regularly testing APIs will help you to identify vulnerabilities, and address them.
According to the Open Web Application Security Project (OWASP), there are ten API vulnerabilities that should be taken care of when you build an API. In this guide, let’s look at the Lack of Resources & Rate Limiting vulnerability.
When the API does not limit the number or frequency of requests from a particular API client, the client can make many API calls per second or request hundreds or thousands of data records at once. In this scenario, the server will still try to fulfill these requests. This causes lack of resources and rate limiting issues.
This vulnerability allows attackers to launch DoS attacks and can overall affect the API server’s performance.
When the server receives too many requests at a time, this hampers its ability to process requests and make the service slow or not available for other users. Lack of rate limiting can also lead to removing sensitive data faster if an API endpoint is leaking information by the attackers.
You can prevent lack of resources and rate limiting in multiple ways.